The Grand Palace

Monday, January 24, 2011
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The Grand Palace

 The Grand Palace

Location: In the central of Bangkok, next to the Royal Pra Meru Ground (Sanam Luang).

 Commuting Means: By bus, by ferry or within a walking area.

Construction Period: In A.D.1782,

 High light: Very attractive fine and delicate architecture of mixing Thai and European styles.

Visiting Time:2-3 hours for a glance tour. (including the emerald temple)

 Brief Description:

The Grand Palace is one of the city’s most famous landmark and can be regarded as the country’s unique artistic and a symbolic treasure, in particular of Chakri dynasty. It was built by instruction of King Rama I, who ordered relocation the capital of the kingdom from city of Thonburi, the west bank of Chao Praya river, to the east bank of the river. After succeeding to the Throne in A.D. 1782, he then ordered the construction of the Grand Palace for royal residence, the Emerald Buddha Temple as well as government offices. The palace complex was constructed in very attractive architecture and delicate detail to show a keen creativity and fine craftsmanship of the Thai people. The architecture of the Grand Palace is a combination of Thai and European styles. The interior of some halls is decorated with more European inspired design.

The complex plan was laid similar to the former glorious capital Ayuthaya. There were altogether three courts, the outer one had been used as the center of national administration from the reigning period of King Rama I to King Rama V. The complex includes the Emerald Buddha Temple. The middle one was used for the King’s residence and state activities. The last inner one was forbidden area for male and was used for H.M. royal consorts and daughters.

The palace had a major restoration during the period of 1982-2006 in conjunction with the auspicious occasion of bicentennial celebration of the capital city of Bangkok. The restoration, not only helps conserve the country’s invaluable heritage of artistic materials, but also reflects the wealth of an enduring culture during Chakri reigning dynasty.

 

 

 

 

 

To be seen:

The middle court seems to be the most prominent court, at present consists of four group of buildings; Pra  Maha Mondhien Group, The Grand Palace Group,  The Throne Hall Group and The Chakri Throne Hall Group.

  1. Phra Maha Mondhien Complex: It is the most important complex buildings in the compound. It is a cluster of seven buildings of different size. The Place was used for coronation ceremony of all the monarchs in the Chakri dynasty. It was constructed in A.D.1783. The complex has been restored periodically till lastly by instruction of King Bhumipol.
  2. The Grand Palace Complex: The building complex was constructed in genuine Thai style of fine arts. The complex consists of two prominent buildings and also reflects long time cultural history concerning with the past kings. The rest are some auxiliary buildings.
  3. The Chakri Throne Hall Complex: This complex has three main buildings; The Chakri Maha Prasart Throne Hall in the front and the other two, the Moolasadharn Boromma-assana Royal Pavillion and the Sommudhi-devaraj-uppabhati Royal Pavillion at the back. They are connected together with a large hall in the middle.
  4. The Suan Sivalai Complex:

References:

  1. Grand Palace: The Bureau of the Royal Household, November 2547 B.E.
  2. Guide to the Grand Palace: Complimentary from the Bureau of the Royal Household (free distribution, not for sale)
  3. Guide to The Grand Palace: Leaflet distributed at the entrance to the grand palace
  4. Wang Lhuang: by Ms.Utumporn Sunthornravech, distributed by Sueksapan Panich, 2526

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